HIST 302(F) Apartheid South Africa*

The system of apartheid was built on segregation, which was itself built on colonialism. This course, therefore, begins with an introduction to southern Africa before 1948. Our focus, however, is on the construction and deconstruction of the apartheid state between 1948 and 1994. Economic, political, social and cultural transformations are traced, with the key narrative being, firstly, the attempts of the apartheid state to shape South Africa in specific ways. Intersecting with and shaping this narrative is the pressure from the majority of South Africans for social justice. We explore the apartheid government's system of racial classification, group areas, sexual and racial engineering, migrant labor, "influx control," political repression and the use of state violence, ideological control, and Bantu Education. The second strand of the narrative is the rise of mass politics under the banner of the Congress movement in the 1950s through the rise of Africanist vs. non-racial politics and Black Consciousness, to the Mass Democratic Movement and the unbanning of the ANC and other parties in 1990, through the transition to democracy in 1994. In addition to political resistance, the course examines the rise of Black Consciousness and cultural forms of resistance, and how ordinary people survived the massive onslaught of the apartheid state. The course ends with the triumph of 1994, and the challenges facing the "new South Africa." Format: discussion. Evaluation based on two essays, quizzes, class participation including presentation and peer review. No prerequisites. No enrollment limit (expected: 10-20). Open to all. Group C