AMERICAN STUDIES (Div. II)

Chair, Professor JOHN K. LIMON (First Semester)
Associate Professor: REGINA G. KUNZEL (Second Semester)

Faculty 1997-98: Professors: R. DALZELL***, LIMON, TRACY. Associate Professor: ROSENHEIM**. Assistant Professor: WONG. Lecturer: CLEGHORN.

GENERAL PROGRAM DESCRIPTION

The American Studies Program uses interdisciplinary approaches to develop students' understanding of the complexity of the culture(s) usually labeled "American." Examining history, literature, and other forms of expression, we explore the processes of cultural definition as contested by diverse individuals and groups. We ask new questions about aspects of American life long taken for granted; we also use American culture as a laboratory for testing classic and contemporary theories about how cultures work.

NON-MAJORS, FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS, AND SOPHOMORES

American Studies 201 is open to non-majors including first-year students with Advanced Placement credit in American History. All elective courses are open to students who meet the requirements of the departments that sponsor those courses. American Studies 302 and 403 are open to non-majors with permission of the instructor.

RATIONALE FOR COURSE NUMBERING

The introductory course is offered at the 200 level to suggest the desirability of some preliminary training in college-level history, literature, sociology, or political science. The intermediate course, 302, is offered primarily for Juniors, although it is open to Sophomores who have had 201 and will be away from campus during the spring of their Junior year. 300-level independent study courses are offered to upperclass students. 403 is designed for Senior majors; it, like 302, is open to students who can demonstrate adequate preparation to the instructor.

THE MAJOR

Required major courses:

American Studies 201

American Studies 302

American Studies 403

Elective courses:

Eight courses: five should be chosen from one of the Specialization Fields listed below, the other three chosen from among any of the electives listed. Advanced Placement credit in appropriate areas, or departmental courses not listed here, may be substituted for electives in the major, with permission of the Program Chair.

THE DEGREE WITH HONORS IN AMERICAN STUDIES

A student wishing to be a candidate for Honors in American Studies will undertake a substantial independent project during Senior year, in American Studies 403, W030, and American Studies 492. The project will constitute the student's independent work for American Studies 403, and grades for American Studies 403 and W030 will be deferred until thesis projects are completed in the second semester. The awarding of Honors will be determined by the American Studies Program Committee based on the recommendation of the student's project advisor and two other faculty readers.

Majors considering the Honors program are urged to consult as early as possible with the Chair of the Program. Permission to pursue Honors will be contingent upon the quality of performance in courses in the major (normally, a B+ average will be the minimum requirement) and the recommendation of a faculty member willing to be the student's project advisor.

AMERICAN STUDIES AND OTHER PROGRAMS

Students majoring in American Studies are encouraged to consider pursuing concentrations in Afro-American, Environmental, and Women's Studies. Many of the courses counted for those concentrations may also earn credit toward the American Studies major.

STUDY AWAY FROM WILLIAMS

A major in American Studies can be combined with study away from Williams for a semester or a year if plans are made carefully. Many courses that will be approved for College credit may also count towards the American Studies major if their subject matter is American culture. We encourage students to pursue cross-cultural comparative studies.

Students planning to be away in the Junior year should have taken American Studies 201 before they leave; those away for Junior-year spring term should take American Studies 302 in their Sophomore year. (For the first two years of this new requirement, the Chair of the Program may authorize a substitute course if this plan is not workable.) Students should consult as early as possible with the Chair about their plans for fulfilling the requirements of the major.

SPECIALIZATION FIELDS

To provide focus for work in the major, each student will choose one of the Specialization Fields listed below and record this choice when registering for the major. (This commitment can be revised, in consultation with the Chair.) At least five electives will be taken from among those designated to support a Specialization Field. In extraordinary cases, students who wish to do so may be permitted to design their own Specialization Field. Fulfillment of concentrations in Afro-American Studies, Environmental Studies, and Women's Studies may be used as the basis for individually designed Specialization Fields. All such arrangements must be approved by the American Studies Committee.

POLITICAL CULTURE

Many people claim that America is a representative democracy. But the term "representation" harbors an instructive ambiguity. Sometimes the concept is used to refer to governmental institutions and practices. Politics, however, is also conducted through cultural representations-through, that is, the images, symbols, icons and narratives we use to construct distinct identities for ourselves. In important respects the production, organization, and distribution of power occurs as a result of interplay between these governmental and cultural processes of representation. This specialization affords students the opportunity to investigate that process in detail.

Elective courses:

ANSO 387 Propaganda

French 212 Sister Revolutions in France and America

History 101 America in the 1960s

History 111 Topics in Asian American History

History 115 The Great Depression: Culture, Society and Politics in the 1930s

History 227 Comparative American Immigration History

History 242 The "Good War:" World War II and American Culture and Society

History 243 America from San Gabriel to Gettysburg: 1492-1865

History 244 A History of the United States Since 1865

History 246 Cultural Encounters in the American West

History 261 African-American History Through Emancipation

History 262 African-American History From Reconstruction to the Present

History 301C The Wilsonian Legacy

History 304 American Labor History

History 308 Studies in American Social Change

History 311 History of the Old South

History 312 History of the New South

History 313 The Rise of American Business

History 315 The Civil Rights Movement

History 318 The Black Radical Tradition in America

History 319 Politics and Culture in Colonial America

History 321 Reform and Reformers in Modern America (Deleted 1997-98)

History 324 Women in the United States Since 1870

History 331 Comparative Asian-American History, 1850-1965

History 332 Contemporary Issues in Recent Asian-American History, 1965-Present

History 357 The U.S. Congress

History 358 The Chinese American Experience

History 360 Civil War and Reconstruction

History 361 Salem Witchcraft

History 366T W. E. B. Du Bois

History 368T The Politics and Rhetoric of Exclusion : Immigration and Its Discontents

Philosophy 357 Philosophy and the American Constitution (Deleted 1997-98)

Political Science 110 Power, Politics, and Democracy in America

Political Science 201 Current Topics in American Politics (Deleted 1997-98)

Political Science 205 Latino Politics

Political Science 207 Political Elections

Political Science 208 The Politics of Family Policy (Deleted 1997-98)

Political Science 209 Poverty in America

Political Science 211 Public Opinion and Political Behavior

Political Science 212 Mass Media in American Politics

Political Science 213 Theory and Practice of Civil Rights Protest

Political Science 214 (formerly 313) Congressional Politics Today

Political Science 216 Urban and Ethnic Politics and Policies

Political Science 218 Presidential Politics

Political Science 219 Constitutional Law

Political Science 230 American Political Thought

Political Science 234 Democracy

Political Science 239 Political Thinking About Race: Resurrecting the Political in Contemporary Texts on the Black Experience

Political Science 311 Gender Gaps in American Politics: Women, Men, and Political Action

Political Science 312 Southern Politics

Political Science 315 American Political Parties

Political Science 316 Public Policymaking in the U.S.

Political Science 317 Environmental Law

Political Science 318 The Voting Rights Act and the Voting Rights Movement

Political Science 319 The First Amendment

Political Science 332 Fugitive Identities: Slavery and the Boundaries of American Politics

Political Science 338 American Legal Philosophy

Political Science 410 Seminar in American Politics

Sociology 215 Crime in the Streets

Sociology 218 Law and Modern Society

Sociology 307 Law and Disorder

Women's Studies/Arts/Political Science 306 Practicing Feminism: A Study of Political Activism

Women's Studies 402 The Personal and the Political: Confessional Narrative and Feminist Politics

SOCIAL DIVERSITY: RE-IMAGINING AMERICA

We often think of the United States as a large national community. Given the geographical, racial, and cultural diversity of the United States, however, the ways in which Americans imagine this community inevitably vary from time to time, place to place, and among different individuals and groups. Indeed, the cultural landscape of America is more often than not a contested terrain, in which different visions coexist and compete. This specialization offers students an opportunity to consider some of the practical and speculative ways in which historically less powerful social groups-such as Native Americans, African Americans, gays and lesbians, working class Americans, immigrants and other ethnic and regional minorities-attempt to rewrite the American Story.

Elective courses:

ANSO 240 Southwestern Cultures

Economics 209 Labor Economics

Economics 222 African Americans in the U.S. Economy

Economics 227T American Regional Economic History

Economics 237 The Economics of Inequality and Poverty

English 217 Introduction to Chicana/Chicano Literature

English 218 Introduction to U.S. Latina and Latino Writing

English 219 Introduction to Literature by Women

English 220 Introduction to Afro-American Writing

English 340 Reading American Reading (Deleted 1997-98)

English 341 American Genders, American Sexualities

English 344 Imagining American Jews (Deleted 1997-98)

English 345 Black Aesthetics

English 347 The Problem of American Realism (Deleted 1997-98)

English 357 Contemporary American Fiction

English 367 Latina Feminisms in the United States

Environmental Studies 204 Regions of America

History 101 America in the 1960s

History 111 Topics in Asian American History

History 227 Comparative American Immigration History

History 246 Cultural Encounters in the American West

History 250 Introduction to U.S. Latino Studies

History 261 African-American History Through Emancipation

History 262 African-American History From Reconstruction to the Present

History 303/Religion 225 Afro-American Religious History

History 304 American Labor History

History 311 History of the Old South

History 312 History of the New South

History 315 The Civil Rights Movement

History 317 Intellectual Traditions of Chicano Nationalism

History 318 The Black Radical Tradition in America

History 320 Adolescence in America

History 324 Women in the United States Since 1870

History 331 Comparative Asian-American History, 1850-1965

History 332 Contemporary Issues in Recent Asian-American History, 1965-Present

History 344 The History of Sexuality in America

History 346 Masculinity: History and Theory

History 327 (formerly 355T) Major Themes in the History of Native Americans

History 358 The Chinese American Experience

History 360 Civil War and Reconstruction

History 361 Salem Witchcraft

History 364 Imagining Urban America, Three Case Studies: Boston, Chicago, and L.A.

History 366T W. E. B. Du Bois

History 368T The Politics and Rhetoric of Exclusion : Immigration and Its Discontents

History 385T Inventing Gender: America 1600-1850

Music 122 Afro-American Music

Music 125 Music Cultures of the World

Music 130 History of Jazz

Music 212 Jazz Theory and Improvisation

Music 320T Black Music and Postmodernism

Philosophy 357T Philosophy and the American Constitution (Deleted 1997-98)

Political Science 205 Latino Politics

Political Science 209 Poverty in America

Political Science 213 Theory and Practice of Civil Rights Protest

Political Science 216 Urban and Ethnic Politics and Policies

Political Science 217 Los Angeles: A Post Industrial City

Political Science 239 Political Thinking About Race: Resurrecting the Political in Contemporary Texts on the Black Experience

Political Science 312 Southern Politics

Political Science 332 Fugitive Identities: Slavery and the Boundaries of American Politics

Psychology 341 Stereotypes, Prejudice, and Discrimination

Sociology 210 The Construction of Social Problems

Sociology 215 Crime in the Streets

Sociology 220 Ethnicity

Spanish 306T Latino Writing: Literature by U.S. Hispanics

Theatre 314 African-American Theatre (Deleted 1997-98)

Women's Studies/Arts/Political Science 306 Practicing Feminism: A Study of Political Activism

Women's Studies 402 The Personal and the Political: Confessional Narrative and Feminist Politics

READING CULTURE: TEXTS AND ARTIFACTS

This specialization offers students an opportunity to consider the relations between culture and the production of social meanings in genres ranging from those traditionally thought of as elite (poetry, painting, orchestral music) to those traditionally thought of as popular (movies, television, advertising, and rock 'n roll). Drawing on diverse theoretical and methodological approaches (material culture theory, literary history, iconography, semiotics, Frankfurt school analysis, and so on), this specialization encourages students both to investigate the relations between high and low culture and to reflect on the nature and uses of cultural inquiry itself.

Elective courses:

AMS/English 231T Literature of the Sea

ANSO 387 Propaganda

ArtH/Environmental Studies 201 American Landscape History

ArtH 252 Campuses

ArtH 255 American Art and Architecture 1600-1900 (Deleted 1997-98)

ArtH 262 Twentieth-Century Architecture

ArtH 264 American Art and Architecture 1900 to the Present

ArtH 403 The American House

ArtH 462 The Subject of the Representation: Contemporary Art and Film

English 204 The Feature Film

English 208 Introduction to American Literature

English 217 Introduction to Chicana/Chicano Literature

English 218 Introduction to U.S. Latina and Latino Writing

English 219 Introduction to Literature by Women

English 220 Introduction to Afro-American Writing

English 338 Literature of the American Renaissance

English 339T The School of Emerson (Deleted 1997-98)

English 340 Reading American Reading (Deleted 1997-98)

English 341 American Genders, American Sexualities

English 344 Imagining American Jews (Deleted 1997-98)

English 345 Black Aesthetics

English 347 The Problem of American Realism (Deleted 1997-98)

English 353 Modern Poetry

English 354 Contemporary American Poetry

English 357 Contemporary American Fiction

English 358 Violence and Narrative

English 361 Nabokov and Pynchon

English 367 Latina Feminisms in the United States

English 377 Suicides and Survivors

Environmental Studies 204 Regions of America

Environmental Studies 278 Transportation and the Shaping of Urban America

History 115 The Great Depression: Culture, Society and Politics in the 1930s

History 242 The "Good War": World War II and American Culture and Society

History 317 Intellectual Traditions of Chicano Nationalism

History 320 Adolescence in America

History 332 Contemporary Issues in Recent Asian American History, 1965-Present

History 344 The History of Sexuality in America

History 346 Masculinity: History and Theory

History 358 The Chinese American Experience

History 361 Salem Witchcraft

History 364 Imagining Urban America, Three Case Studies: Boston, Chicago, and L.A.

History 385T Inventing Gender: America 1600-1850

Music 111 Popular Music: Revolutions in the History of Rock

Music 114 American Music

Music 122 Afro-American Music

Music 125 Music Cultures of the World

Music 130 History of Jazz

Music 209 Music in History III: Musics of the Twentieth Century

Musics 212 Jazz Theory and Improvisation

Music 220 Performance Studies in African and African-American Music and Dance (Deleted 1997-98)

Music 320T Black Music and Postmodernism

Political Science 212 Mass Media in American Politics

Political Science 332 Fugitive Identities: Slavery and the Boundaries of American Politics

Political Science 337 The Politics of Contemporary Theory

Spanish 306T Latino Writing: Literature by U.S. Hispanics

Theatre 314 African-American Theatre (Deleted 1997-98)

Women's Studies 402 The Personal and the Political: Confessional Narrative and Feminist Politics

MONEY, CLASS, AND MOBILITY: MAKING IT IN AMERICA

The time-honored description of American as "The Land of Opportunity" presupposes that capitalism is far more than a system of economic production. It is indeed a potent myth, around which a whole series of cultural narratives-in celebration of it, in opposition to it-have been organized. This specialization challenges students to examine the various ways in which different Americans have sought to measure, explain, and justify their individual and collective economic performances. Who "makes it" in America? How? Why?

Elective courses:

AMS 201/History 255 America and the Sea, 1600-present

ArtH 264 American Art and Architecture, 1600-Present

ArtH 403 The American House

Economics 201T/Environmental Studies 207T Cities

Economics 203 Gender in Economic Analysis

Economics 205 Public Economics

Economics 206 Current Economic Problems

Economics 208 Modern Corporate Industry

Economics 209 Labor Economics

Economics 220 American Economic History

Economics 222 African Americans in the U.S. Economy (Deleted 1997-98)

Econmics 227T American Regional Economic History

Economics 237 The Economics of Inequality and Poverty

Economics 317 Finance and Capital Markets

Economics 376 The Economics of Labor

English 344 Imagining American Jews (Deleted 1997-98)

English 347 The Problem of American Realism (Deleted 1997-98)

Environmental Studies 204 Regions of America

History 115 The Great Depression: Culture, Society and Politics in the 1930s

History 227 Comparative American Immigration History

History 243 America from San Gabriel to Gettysburg: 1492-1865

History 244 History of the United States Since 1865

History 261 African-American History Through Emancipation

History 262 African-American History From Reconstruction to the Present

History 304 American Labor History

History 311 History of the Old South

History 312 History of the New South

History 313 The Rise of American Business

History 315 The Civil Rights Movement

History 318 The Black Radical Tradition in America

History 319 Politics and Culture in Colonial America

History 320 Adolescence in America

History 324 Women in the United States Since 1870

History 331 Comparative Asian-American History, 1850-1965

History 332 Contemporary Issues in Recent Asian-American History, 1965-Present

History 346 Masculinity: History and Theory

History 358 The Chinese American Experience

History 360 Civil War and Reconstruction

History 364 Imagining Urban America, Three Case Studies: Boston, Chicago, and L.A.

History 366T W. E. B. Du Bois

History 368T The Politics and Rhetoric of Exclusion : Immigration and Its Discontents

Philosophy 357T Philosophy and the American Constitution (Deleted 1997-98)

Political Science 110 Power, Politics, and Democracy in America

Political Science 208 The Politics of Family Policy (Deleted 1997-98)

Political Science 209 Poverty in America

Political Science 211 Public Opinion and Political Behavior

Political Science 212 Mass Media in American Politics

Political Science 213 Theory and Practice of Civil Rights Protest

Political Science 216 Urban and Ethnic Politics and Policies

Political Science 217 Los Angeles: A Post Industrial City

Political Science 230 American Political Thought

Political Science 234 Democracy

Political Science 239 Political Thinking About Race: Resurrecting the Political in Contemporary Texts on the Black Experience

Political Science 311 Gender Gaps in American Politics: Women, Men, and Political Action

Political Science 312 Southern Politics

Political Science 316 Public Policymaking in the U.S.

Political Science 332 Fugitive Identities: Slavery and the Boundaries of American Politics

Political Science 420 Senior Seminar in International Relations

Poltical Science 430 Senior Seminar in Political Theory: Just Work