The peoples and cultures requirement is designed to ensure that all students graduate with at least some basic understanding of the cultural pluralism of American society and of the world at large. Each student must complete one graded semester course primarily concerned with: (a) the peoples and cultures of North America that trace their origins to Africa, Asia, Latin America, Oceania, or the Caribbean; Native American peoples and cultures; or (b) the peoples and cultures of Africa, Asia, Latin America, Oceania, or the Caribbean. Although this course, which may be counted toward the divisional distribution requirement, may be completed any semester before graduation, students are urged to complete the course by the end of the sophomore year.

Courses that may be used to meet the requirement in 1997-98:

AMES 401(F) Topics in African and Middle Eastern Studies: Religion and Revolution in Iran (Same as History 363 and Religion 234)*

ANSO 402(S) Senior Seminar: Culture and Violence*

ANSO 202(S) Coming of Age*

ANSO 214(S) The Rise and Fall of Civilizations (Same as Environmental Studies 224)*

ANSO 327(S) Reconceptualizing the "Individual"*

Anthropology 101(F,S) The Scope of Anthropology*

Anthropology 103(F) Pyramids, Bones, and Sherds: What is Archaeology?*

Anthropology 209(S) Human Ecology (Same as Environmental Studies 209)*

Anthropology 216(F) Native Peoples of Latin America*

Anthropology 219(F) The Art and Archaeology of Maya Civilization: A Marriage Made in Xibalba (Same as ArtH 209 and EXPR 209)*

Anthropology 241(S) Religious Movements and Utopian Communities*

Anthropology 273(F) Sacred Geographies (Same as EXPR 273 and Religion 273)*

Anthropology 334(S) The Body*

Anthropology 402(S) Issues in Sociocultural Anthropology (See ANSO 402)*

SOC 220(F) Ethnicity*

SOC 402(S) Senior Seminar (See ANSO 402)*

ArtH 172(S) Introduction to Asian Art: From the Land of the Buddha to the World of the Geisha*

ArtH 209(F) The Art and Archaeology of Maya Civilization: A Marriage Made in Xibalba (Same as Anthropology 219 and EXPR 209)*

ArtH 270(F) Japanese Art and Culture*

ArtH 274(F) Chinese Calligraphy: Theory and Practice*

ArtH 278(S) The Golden Road to Samarqand*

ArtH 282(S) Majesty and Mythology in African Art*

ArtH 376(S) Zen Painting in China and Japan*

ArtH 431(F) Leonardo da Vinci vs. Montezuma: The Renaissance/European-Native American Encounter in the Sixteenth Century*

Asian Studies 401(F) East Asia After Orientalism*

Asian Studies W031-494(S) Senior Thesis*

Asian Studies 497(F), 498(S) Independent Study*

Chinese 101(F)-W088-102(S) Elementary Chinese*

Chinese 201(F), 202(S) Intermediate Chinese*

Chinese 243(F) Gender Issues in Traditional Chinese Literature*

Chinese 244(S) Writers and Society in Twentieth-Century China*

Chinese 301(F), 302(S) Third Year Chinese*

Chinese 401(F), 402(S) Fourth Year Chinese*

Chinese 497(F), 498(S) Independent Study*

Japanese 101(F)-W088-102(S) Elementary Japanese*

Japanese 201(F), 202(S) Intermediate Japanese*

Japanese 301(F), 302(S) Third Year Japanese*

Japanese 401(F), 402(S) Fourth Year Japanese*

Japanese 497(F), 498(S) Independent Study*

Biology 134(F) The Tropics: Biology and Social Issues (Same as Environmental Studies 134)*

CRAB 201(F)-202(S) Arabic*

CRHE 201(F)-202(S) Hebrew*

CRHI 201(F)-202(S) Hindi*

CRKO 201(F)-202(S) Korean*

CRSW 201(F)-202(S) Swahili*

Economics 204(F) Economic Development in Poor Countries (Same as Environmental Studies 234)*

Economics 212(F) Sustainable Development (Same as Environmental Studies 212)*

Economics 373(S) Open-Economy Macroeconomics (Same as Economics 513)*

Economics 381(S) Regulation of Business (Same as Economics 519)*

Economics 513(S) Open-Economy Macroeconomics (Same as Economics 373)*

Economics 519(S) Regulation of Business (Same as Economics 381)*

English 217(S) Introduction to Chicana/o Literature*

English 220(F,S) Introduction to Afro-American Writing*

English 345(S) Black Aesthetics*

Environmental Studies 116(S) Environmental History of Africa (Same as History 116)*

Environmental Studies 134(F) The Tropics: Biology and Social Issues (Same as Biology 134)*

Environmental Studies 209(S) Human Ecology (Same as Anthropology 209)*

Environmental Studies 212(F) Sustainable Development (Same as Economics 212)*

Environmental Studies 224(S) The Rise and Fall of Civilizations (Same as ANSO 214)*

Environmental Studies 234(F) Economic Development in Poor Countries (Same as Economics 204)*

French 110(F) Introduction to French Studies: French Versus Not French*

History 110(F) The Mao Cult*

History 116(S) Environmental History of Africa (Same as Environmental Studies 116)*

History 227(F) Comparative American Immigration History*

History 250(F) Introduction to U.S. Latino Studies*

History 261(F) African-American History Through Emancipation*

History 262(S) African-American History From Reconstruction to the Present*

History 263(F) Inter-American Relations*

History 269(F) A Survey of Modern African History, 1800-Present*

History 270(S) Early African History Through the Era of the Slave Trade*

History 278(S) Women and Islam (Same as Religion 232)*

History 283(F) Introduction to Chinese History: China to 1800*

History 284(S) Modern China, 1800-Present: Continuity and Change*

History 287(F) Latin America to 1826*

History 288(S) Modern Latin America/s: Past and Present*

History 315(F) The Civil Rights Movement*

History 318(S) The Black Radical Tradition in America*

History 325(S) South Africa and Apartheid*

History 327(F) (formerly 355T) Major Themes in the History of Native Americans*

History 331(F) Comparative Asian-American History, 1850-1965*

History 332(S) Contemporary Issues in Recent Asian-American History, 1965-Present*

History 337(F) Slavery and Emancipation in Latin America and the Caribbean*

History 343(S) Nationalism and Social Identity in Latin America*

History 358(S) The Chinese American Experience*

History 363(F) Religion and Revolution in Iran (Same as Religion 234 and African and Middle Eastern Studies 401)*

History 365(S) Women in Chinese History*

History 369(F) "Mi Familia: Latino Experiences in Family and Community"*

History 371(S) Comparative Environmental History in the Americas*

History 373(F) African Political Thought*

History 381(S) The Ghetto from Venice to Harlem*

EXPR 209(F) The Art and Archaeology of Maya Civilization: A Marriage Made in Xibalba (Same as Anthropology 219 and ArtH 209)*

EXPR 273(F) Sacred Geographies (Same as Anthropology 273 and Religion 273)*

Music 122(F) Afro-American Music*

Music 125(F) Music Cultures of the World*

Music 130(S) History of Jazz*

Music 209(F) Music in History III: Musics of the Twentieth Century*

Political Science 140(S) Other People's Politics: The Powers of Nationalism*

Political Science 205(F) Latino Politics*

Political Science 213(F) Theory and Practice of Civil Rights Protest*

Political Science 216(F) Urban and Ethnic Politics and Policies*

Political Science 239(S) Political Thinking About Race: Resurrecting the Political in Contemporary Texts on the Black Experience*

Political Science 312(F) Southern Politics*

Political Science 320(F) China, Japan, and the World*

Political Science 344(F) Rebels and Revolution in Latin America*

Religion 232(S) Women and Islam (Same as History 278)*

Religion 234(F) Religion and Revolution in Iran (Same as History 363 and African and Middle Eastern Studies 401)*

Religion 242(S) Buddhism: Concepts and Practices*

Religion 252(F) The Body Religious in Chinese Culture*

Religion 256(S) Inventing Japan: Religion, Power, and Cultural Identity*

Religion 273(F) Sacred Geographies (Same as Anthropology 273 and EXPR 273)*

Religion 304(F) From Hermeneutics to Post-Coloniality*

Spanish 112(S) Latin American Civilization*

Spanish 203(F) Major Latin American Authors: 1880 to the Present*

Spanish 306T(S) Latino Writing: Literature by U.S. Hispanics*

Spanish 402(S) Studies in Modern Latin American Literature*